Cervical cancer is one of the common diseases.
In the most cases, the disease progresses slowly and it often takes 10-15 years for damaged cell to transform into cancer.
What causes cervical cancer?
99.7% of cervical cancer is caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. In the majority of the cases, the infection progresses asymptomatically and it often clears up on its own without a patient's awareness.
Albeit, certain papillomavirus genotypes can cause pre-cancerous diseases and in the case of non-treatment, there is a high risk of cancer development.
The risk factors of cervical cancer development
Various risk factors are emphasized for cervical damage and cancer development, in particular:
- Premature sexual activity;
- Many sexual partners;
- Consumption of tobacco;
- Deteriorated/weakened immunity;
- First childbirth at a young age;
- Unprotected casual sexual intercourse;
- Long-term usage of contraceptives (10 years or more).
How do we prevent cervical cancer?
Cervical cancer can be prevented with timely detection and treatment of the changes in the cervical cells.
Treatment of the disease depends on the cancer type, the degree of disease progression and spread of cancer cells in the body.
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