Research that is a golden standard in oncology – What is a PET/CT?

Research that is a golden standard in oncology – What is a PET/CT?

PET / CT, i.e. positron-emission tomography is a nuclear medicine examination method, which is a non-alternative for cancer diagnostics.

To this date, this examination (PET-CT) is the golden standard in oncology, whose results change treatment tactics almost by 36%.

Positron-emission tomography is high tech, combined product because the system allows a simultaneous performance of two examinations – positron-emission tomography and computed tomography. Subsequently, data from two extremely important examinations are compiled.

It should be noted that during cancer diagnostics, with the mentioned method the most accurate anatomical and functional picture of tumor expansion is received. It's entirely possible to detect cancer of the smallest size.

Without a positron-emission tomography, it is improbable to determine the correct diagnosis, and therefore, the tactic of treatment.

With positron-emission tomography, it’s possible to:

  • Determine the expansion level of oncologic disease.
  • Determine the primary source of the metastatic process.
  • Differentiate between benign and malignant tumors.
  • Evaluate the effectiveness of chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
  • It’s also necessary when selecting localization necessary for biopsy.
  • It’s necessary for diagnostics on the first stage, as well as during and after the completion of treatment. 
  • Help with radiation therapy planning and etc.

National Center of Surgery soon will be equipped with the first digital PET/CT in eastern Europe and post-soviet union sphere.

National Center of Surgery, radiotherapy department’s radiation therapist, nuclear medicine specialist Shorena Esiashili discusses positron-emission tomography with us. 

pet ct digital

What organs are examined with PET/CT?

have been registered in recent years, using which more detailed examination of the heart and nervous system is conducted.  In the case of a heart, it is possible to determine the condition of ischemia, diagnose dementia in neurology, Parkinson's disease, various forms of seizures, brain tumors.  PET/CT examines the entire human body. It is mainly used in oncology, albeit quite many isotopes

What are the advantages of PET-CT?

pet ct digital en

 – PET/CT is an   accredited to   functional  research   methods. It   shows   metabolic changes in   the   body. Metabolic   changes always   precede morphologic   ones. It’s possible to   detect   oncologic   disease at the early   stages with this exact   examination method.

 With this very   important research, we determine   oncologic disease stages, receive an   accurate   anatomical and functional picture   of tumor   expansion.   PET/CT has also used   to asses the   results of  chemotherapy and   radiation therapy.   Treatment  tactics   change  almost by 36% as a result   of this   examination.

 –How is PET-CT conducted?

PET/CT is a non-invasive diagnostic method. The patient intravenously receives isotope.  The examination of the patient takes place in one hour. With a low-density computed tomography, whole-body examination duration lasts for20 minutes.

We would like to remind readers that the department of radiotherapy functions in the National Center of Surgery. Oncologic patients in the department are able to receive radiation therapy with the latest generation high-tech linear accelerators. In the department of radiotherapy treatment method is chosen by Georgian specialists together with invited experts from the U.S (Emory University, Atlanta) and Spain (Genesis Care oncology multidisciplinary institution). Therefore, citizens of Georgia have an opportunity to get the treatment that is up to American-European standards.

National Center of Surgery address: Tbilisi, Dighomi, Chachava N5.

You may contact National Center of Surgery’s call center at 577 119 119 or 2 02 25 25

In case of any issues, you may contact National Center of Surgery’s radiation therapist Shorena Esiashvili for consultation at 577 67 11 89.

Wish you health!