What is immunoglobulin and how is its deficiency treated at the National Center of Surgery

What is immunoglobulin and how is its deficiency treated at the National Center of Surgery

A clinical example of successful treatment of a rare pathology

In the interview you will learn the following information:

Immunoglobulin is an antibody produced by the human immune system, and an antibody is a protein that is secreted by plasma cells in response to various antigens. The main function of immunoglobulin is to build long-lasting immunity, it is the only one that reaches the fetus through the placenta, and although passively, but provides its immunity.

We are talking to Tatuli Gubeladze, a neurologist at the National Center of Surgery.

What is immunoglobulin?

- This is a group of proteins in the blood plasma that is produced in response to the introduction of an antigen into the body. Immunoglobulins are mainly involved in the secondary immune response.

What is the function of immunoglobulin in the human body?

- Antibodies bind to active sites of bacteria or viruses and prevent them from multiplying or neutralize the toxic substances they secrete. The presence of antibodies in the blood indicates the interaction of the organism with the antigen against the pathogen.

What can cause immunoglobulin deficiency?

- As already mentioned, Ig antibodies play an important role in the secondary immune response, therefore, a lack of antibodies in the body leads to the progression of several diseases, including those that may end in disastrous consequences.

– What can you tell us about the rare case that happened in our clinic?

– According to the patient's family members, the patient referred to one of the medical institutions of the Republic of Turkey due to the patient’s deteriorating condition after treatment at another clinic. According to electroneuromyography in Turkey, the intensity of the cortical response to the somatosensory potential in both shin (tactile, or sensory receptors of the skin, which have a protective function and provide information to the brain about the irritant, or cause of the pain) was normal and their amplitude was- low.

The patient's condition was acute upon entering the clinic. Patient complained about weakness in both lower limbs and ankles.

Upon admission to the National Center of Surgery, the bilateral motor response in the lower extremity nerve, and especially in the small extremity nerve, could not be confirmed, and total denervation (complete nerve dysfunction) was observed in the distal muscles.

However, prolonged motor potentials were observed in muscles with partial denervation, while widespread denervation potentials were observed in all muscles.

– How was the immunoglobulin deficiency managed?

– There was a lack of strength in the lower extremities, the skeletal reflexes of the knee were reduced. As a result, according to the protocol, the patient started an intravenous infusion of human immunoglobulin (Octagam).

In parallel, creatinine and electrolytes were monitored and corrected.

After 5 days of intensive treatment in our clinic, the general condition of the patient improved, the amplitude of movement and sensitivity increased, which had previously been sharply reduced.

After stabilization within the norm of hemodynamic parameters, with appropriate recommendations, the patient was discharged home without any neurological deficits.

In this particular case, the victory over the disease is based on the correct, timely, and effective use of the achievements of modern medicine by highly qualified professionals following modern standards of medicine and science.

Wish you health!

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